Artikel Menarik Lainnya


the cheapest car insurance cost of car insurance best car insurance quotes insurance auto insurance quotes car get car insurance quotes online car insurance agent instant car insurance quote car insurance websites direct car insurance insure a car motor car insurance quote cheap car insurance online quotes for car insurance car insurers commercial car insurance motor insurance quote car insurance quotes online get a quote online international health insurance compare car insurance quotes insurance for car compare car insurance car insurance buy life insurance online compare auto insurance international medical insurance general car insurance cheap motor insurance low car insurance car insurance comparison company car insurance budget car insurance private health insurance online quote car insurance cheap motor car insurance car insurance for new drivers cheap car insurance quotes online online car insurance quotes get car insurance quotes car insurance quotes comparison motor car insurance car insurance quotes car insurance cheap comprehensive car insurance best auto insurance short term health insurance motor insurance cheap online car insurance online motor insurance quotes car insurance california buycarinsurance online vehicle insurance free car insurance quotes landlord insurance health insurance for children motorbike insurance monthly car insurance car insurance usa car insurance reviews car insurance renewal quotes vehicle insurance health insurance rates term life insurance quotes vehicle insurance quotes car insurance compare motor vehicle insurance best car insurance motor insurance online quote car insurance online quote life insurance online supplemental health insurance best car insurance rates car insurance discounts motor vehicle insurance quotes auto insurance cheap travel insurance bike insurance travel medical insurance buy car insurance online online motor insurance travel insurance quote get a quote for car insurance health insurance agent car insurance companies cheap car insurance companies travel insurance annual travel insurance commercial vehicle insurance permanent life insurance medical insurance quotes online car insurance cheap car insurance quotes car insurance online quote insurance online level term life insurance health insurance comparison how much is car insurance travel health insurance pet health insurance quotes on cars health ins travel insurance uk quote for car insurance get insurance quote online disability insurance quote temporary health insurance temporary insurance rental car insurance cheap health insurance auto insurance compare third party car insurance buy health insurance auto insurance quotes cheap insurance companies best term life insurance personal health insurance online quote insurance car insurance premium health insurance policies quotes for cars whole life insurance credit insurance cheap van insurance cheap term life insurance cheap motorcycle insurance compare life insurance car insurance cover health insurance motorcycle insurance short term car insurance health insurance coverage insurance qoute cheap life insurance house insurance quote car insurance uk health insurance companies cigna health insurance cheap insurance cheap car insurance uk compare health insurance car insurance for young drivers short term insurance online health insurance caravan insurance life insurance comparison direct insurance health insurance plans motor insurance online car insurance estimator accident insurance home insurance quotes nj car insurance new car insurance private medical insurance home insurance car insurance brokers car insurance rates commercial insurance health insurance quotes motor insurance companies which car insurance car quotes online online auto insurance flood insurance cheap auto insurance quotes car insurance agencies business health insurance term life insurance truck insurance professional indemnity insurance life insurance car insurance policy long term care insurance drive insurance buy insurance car ins motorcycle insurance quote critical illness insurance term insurance student health insurance home insurance comparison insurance rates insurance cover holiday insurance insurance sites online vehicle insurance quotes company website home insurance rates compare insurance buy insurance online affordable medical insurance car insurance coverage product liability insurance home contents insurance buy life insurance renters insurance group health insurance family health insurance motor insurance quote online mortgage insurance best home insurance personal insurance medical insurance property insurance life insurance agent group insurance aetna health insurance cheap medical insurance liability insurance rental insurance life insurance policy group life insurance general liability insurance insurance quotes online all car insurance companies best health insurance insurance plans life insurance for seniors van insurance website quote universal life insurance building insurance co insurance insurance car car insurance prices disability insurance insurance vehicle cheap vehicle insurance senior life insurance medical insurance plans insurance health house insurance life insurance quotes car quotes cheap home insurance business insurance com bank credit card lowest credit card eligibility no fee credit cards best credit card compare how can i apply for credit card business credit cards cheapest credit card company credit card corporate credit card apply for a credit card online 0 apr credit cards how can i get credit card get a credit card open credit card usa credit card instant credit card approval store credit cards credit card shopping airline miles credit card frequent flyer credit cards hotel credit cards best credit card deals compare credit miles credit card credit card consolidation college student credit cards how do i apply for a credit card gold credit card how to open credit card apply for credit card eligibility for credit card credit card verification credit card offers online credit card application form which credit card to apply how can i get a credit card credit card online apply credit cards uk 0 credit cards looking for credit card offers credit card information bank credit card application travel credit cards what is a credit card credit card sign up master credit card cash back cards platinum credit card compare visa cards credit bank credit card no interest credit cards cheap credit cards 0 credit card offers online credit new credit cards application of credit card how to apply for credit card apply card credit online credit card deals premier credit card mastercard credit card how to get credit card apply credit card credit card application credit companies creditcard cash back credit cards airline credit cards cash credit card credit card rates student credit cards apply credit card online how to apply credit card interest free credit card secured credit card best travel credit card capital one credit card online credit card application credit cards with no annual fee new credit card offers apply online credit card credit card apply online best rewards credit card city credit card how to get a credit card credit card counseling rebate credit card mastercard debit card credit card debt best credit cards to apply for best credit cards apply for credit card online credit card apply how to apply for a credit card apply for new credit card credit card rebate best credit card comparison apply for visa card online cim credit card good credit cards credit card cash back best cash back credit cards mastercard credit card application credit card checker credit card mastercard instant credit card card compare credit card rewards programs compare the best credit cards apply visa card cash rebate credit card bankruptcy credit cards card offers instant approval credit cards credit card online application credit cards for students how to sign up for credit card uk credit cards credit card account about credit card visa card apply online credit card compare site secured mastercard visa card application credit card rewards credit rating how can we get credit card visa credit card rewards card online credit card processing capital credit card credit card visa consolidate credit cards credit card processing credit card reviews apply new credit card business credit card application credit cards with cash back credit card reader credit card instant approval online apply credit card bad credit credit cards credit card selection online visa card pay with credit card credit card charges visa or mastercard credit card machine apply a credit card small business credit cards prepaid debit cards visa debit card mbna credit card credit card terminal card credit application credit card generator credit card balance credit card numbers credit card transfer credit card interest rates credit card interest gold card credit card online best rate credit cards credit card low interest visa card online online credit card how to apply a credit card 0 interest credit cards debit card the cheapest car insurance cost of car insurance best car insurance quotes insurance auto insurance quotes car get car insurance quotes online car insurance agent instant car insurance quote car insurance websites direct car insurance insure a car motor car insurance quote cheap car insurance online quotes for car insurance car insurers commercial car insurance motor insurance quote car insurance quotes online get a quote online international health insurance compare car insurance quotes insurance for car compare car insurance car insurance buy life insurance online compare auto insurance international medical insurance general car insurance cheap motor insurance low car insurance car insurance comparison company car insurance budget car insurance private health insurance online quote car insurance cheap motor car insurance car insurance for new drivers cheap car insurance quotes online online car insurance quotes get car insurance quotes car insurance quotes comparison motor car insurance car insurance quotes car insurance cheap comprehensive car insurance best auto insurance short term health insurance motor insurance cheap online car insurance online motor insurance quotes car insurance california buycarinsurance online vehicle insurance free car insurance quotes landlord insurance health insurance for children motorbike insurance monthly car insurance car insurance usa car insurance reviews car insurance renewal quotes vehicle insurance health insurance rates term life insurance quotes vehicle insurance quotes car insurance compare motor vehicle insurance best car insurance motor insurance online quote car insurance online quote life insurance online supplemental health insurance best car insurance rates car insurance discounts motor vehicle insurance quotes auto insurance cheap travel insurance bike insurance travel medical insurance buy car insurance online online motor insurance travel insurance quote get a quote for car insurance health insurance agent car insurance companies cheap car insurance companies travel insurance annual travel insurance commercial vehicle insurance permanent life insurance medical insurance quotes online car insurance cheap car insurance quotes car insurance online quote insurance online level term life insurance health insurance comparison how much is car insurance travel health insurance pet health insurance quotes on cars health ins travel insurance uk quote for car insurance get insurance quote online disability insurance quote temporary health insurance temporary insurance rental car insurance cheap health insurance auto insurance compare third party car insurance buy health insurance auto insurance quotes cheap insurance companies best term life insurance personal health insurance online quote insurance car insurance premium health insurance policies quotes for cars whole life insurance credit insurance cheap van insurance cheap term life insurance cheap motorcycle insurance compare life insurance car insurance cover health insurance motorcycle insurance short term car insurance health insurance coverage insurance qoute cheap life insurance house insurance quote car insurance uk health insurance companies cigna health insurance cheap insurance cheap car insurance uk compare health insurance car insurance for young drivers short term insurance online health insurance caravan insurance life insurance comparison direct insurance health insurance plans motor insurance online car insurance estimator accident insurance home insurance quotes nj car insurance new car insurance private medical insurance home insurance car insurance brokers car insurance rates commercial insurance health insurance quotes motor insurance companies which car insurance car quotes online online auto insurance flood insurance cheap auto insurance quotes car insurance agencies business health insurance term life insurance truck insurance professional indemnity insurance life insurance car insurance policy long term care insurance drive insurance buy insurance car ins motorcycle insurance quote critical illness insurance term insurance student health insurance home insurance comparison insurance rates insurance cover holiday insurance insurance sites online vehicle insurance quotes company website home insurance rates compare insurance buy insurance online affordable medical insurance car insurance coverage product liability insurance home contents insurance buy life insurance renters insurance group health insurance family health insurance motor insurance quote online mortgage insurance best home insurance personal insurance medical insurance property insurance life insurance agent group insurance aetna health insurance cheap medical insurance liability insurance rental insurance life insurance policy group life insurance general liability insurance insurance quotes online all car insurance companies best health insurance insurance plans life insurance for seniors van insurance website quote universal life insurance building insurance co insurance insurance car car insurance prices disability insurance insurance vehicle cheap vehicle insurance senior life insurance medical insurance plans insurance health house insurance life insurance quotes car quotes cheap home insurance business insurance com bank credit card lowest credit card eligibility no fee credit cards best credit card compare how can i apply for credit card business credit cards cheapest credit card company credit card corporate credit card apply for a credit card online 0 apr credit cards how can i get credit card get a credit card open credit card usa credit card instant credit card approval store credit cards credit card shopping airline miles credit card frequent flyer credit cards hotel credit cards best credit card deals compare credit miles credit card credit card consolidation college student credit cards how do i apply for a credit card gold credit card how to open credit card apply for credit card eligibility for credit card credit card verification credit card offers online credit card application form which credit card to apply how can i get a credit card credit card online apply credit cards uk 0 credit cards looking for credit card offers credit card information bank credit card application travel credit cards what is a credit card credit card sign up master credit card cash back cards platinum credit card compare visa cards credit bank credit card no interest credit cards cheap credit cards 0 credit card offers online credit new credit cards application of credit card how to apply for credit card apply card credit online credit card deals premier credit card mastercard credit card how to get credit card apply credit card credit card application credit companies creditcard cash back credit cards airline credit cards cash credit card credit card rates student credit cards apply credit card online how to apply credit card interest free credit card secured credit card best travel credit card capital one credit card online credit card application credit cards with no annual fee new credit card offers apply online credit card credit card apply online best rewards credit card city credit card how to get a credit card credit card counseling rebate credit card mastercard debit card credit card debt best credit cards to apply for best credit cards apply for credit card online credit card apply how to apply for a credit card apply for new credit card credit card rebate best credit card comparison apply for visa card online cim credit card good credit cards credit card cash back best cash back credit cards mastercard credit card application credit card checker credit card mastercard instant credit card card compare credit card rewards programs compare the best credit cards apply visa card cash rebate credit card bankruptcy credit cards card offers instant approval credit cards credit card online application credit cards for students how to sign up for credit card uk credit cards credit card account about credit card visa card apply online credit card compare site secured mastercard visa card application credit card rewards credit rating how can we get credit card visa credit card rewards card online credit card processing capital credit card credit card visa consolidate credit cards credit card processing credit card reviews apply new credit card business credit card application credit cards with cash back credit card reader credit card instant approval online apply credit card bad credit credit cards credit card selection online visa card pay with credit card credit card charges visa or mastercard credit card machine apply a credit card small business credit cards prepaid debit cards visa debit card mbna credit card credit card terminal card credit application credit card generator credit card balance credit card numbers credit card transfer credit card interest rates credit card interest gold card credit card online best rate credit cards credit card low interest visa card online online credit card how to apply a credit card 0 interest credit cards debit card the cheapest car insurance cost of car insurance best car insurance quotes insurance auto insurance quotes car get car insurance quotes online car insurance agent instant car insurance quote car insurance websites direct car insurance insure a car motor car insurance quote cheap car insurance online quotes for car insurance car insurers commercial car insurance motor insurance quote car insurance quotes online get a quote online international health insurance compare car insurance quotes insurance for car compare car insurance car insurance buy life insurance online compare auto insurance international medical insurance general car insurance cheap motor insurance low car insurance car insurance comparison company car insurance budget car insurance private health insurance online quote car insurance cheap motor car insurance car insurance for new drivers cheap car insurance quotes online online car insurance quotes get car insurance quotes car insurance quotes comparison motor car insurance car insurance quotes car insurance cheap comprehensive car insurance best auto insurance short term health insurance motor insurance cheap online car insurance online motor insurance quotes car insurance california buycarinsurance online vehicle insurance free car insurance quotes landlord insurance health insurance for children motorbike insurance monthly car insurance car insurance usa car insurance reviews car insurance renewal quotes vehicle insurance health insurance rates term life insurance quotes vehicle insurance quotes car insurance compare motor vehicle insurance best car insurance motor insurance online quote car insurance online quote life insurance online supplemental health insurance best car insurance rates car insurance discounts motor vehicle insurance quotes auto insurance cheap travel insurance bike insurance travel medical insurance buy car insurance online online motor insurance travel insurance quote get a quote for car insurance health insurance agent car insurance companies cheap car insurance companies travel insurance annual travel insurance commercial vehicle insurance permanent life insurance medical insurance quotes online car insurance cheap car insurance quotes car insurance online quote insurance online level term life insurance health insurance comparison how much is car insurance travel health insurance pet health insurance quotes on cars health ins travel insurance uk quote for car insurance get insurance quote online disability insurance quote temporary health insurance temporary insurance rental car insurance cheap health insurance auto insurance compare third party car insurance buy health insurance auto insurance quotes cheap insurance companies best term life insurance personal health insurance online quote insurance car insurance premium health insurance policies quotes for cars whole life insurance credit insurance cheap van insurance cheap term life insurance cheap motorcycle insurance compare life insurance car insurance cover health insurance motorcycle insurance short term car insurance health insurance coverage insurance qoute cheap life insurance house insurance quote car insurance uk health insurance companies cigna health insurance cheap insurance cheap car insurance uk compare health insurance car insurance for young drivers short term insurance online health insurance caravan insurance life insurance comparison direct insurance health insurance plans motor insurance online car insurance estimator accident insurance home insurance quotes nj car insurance new car insurance private medical insurance home insurance car insurance brokers car insurance rates commercial insurance health insurance quotes motor insurance companies which car insurance car quotes online online auto insurance flood insurance cheap auto insurance quotes car insurance agencies business health insurance term life insurance truck insurance professional indemnity insurance life insurance car insurance policy long term care insurance drive insurance buy insurance car ins motorcycle insurance quote critical illness insurance term insurance student health insurance home insurance comparison insurance rates insurance cover holiday insurance insurance sites online vehicle insurance quotes company website home insurance rates compare insurance buy insurance online affordable medical insurance car insurance coverage product liability insurance home contents insurance buy life insurance renters insurance group health insurance family health insurance motor insurance quote online mortgage insurance best home insurance personal insurance medical insurance property insurance life insurance agent group insurance aetna health insurance cheap medical insurance liability insurance rental insurance life insurance policy group life insurance general liability insurance insurance quotes online all car insurance companies best health insurance insurance plans life insurance for seniors van insurance website quote universal life insurance building insurance co insurance insurance car car insurance prices disability insurance insurance vehicle cheap vehicle insurance senior life insurance medical insurance plans insurance health house insurance life insurance quotes car quotes cheap home insurance business insurance com bank credit card lowest credit card eligibility no fee credit cards best credit card compare how can i apply for credit card business credit cards cheapest credit card company credit card corporate credit card apply for a credit card online 0 apr credit cards how can i get credit card get a credit card open credit card usa credit card instant credit card approval store credit cards credit card shopping airline miles credit card frequent flyer credit cards hotel credit cards best credit card deals compare credit miles credit card credit card consolidation college student credit cards how do i apply for a credit card gold credit card how to open credit card apply for credit card eligibility for credit card credit card verification credit card offers online credit card application form which credit card to apply how can i get a credit card credit card online apply credit cards uk 0 credit cards looking for credit card offers credit card information bank credit card application travel credit cards what is a credit card credit card sign up master credit card cash back cards platinum credit card compare visa cards credit bank credit card no interest credit cards cheap credit cards 0 credit card offers online credit new credit cards application of credit card how to apply for credit card apply card credit online credit card deals premier credit card mastercard credit card how to get credit card apply credit card credit card application credit companies creditcard cash back credit cards airline credit cards cash credit card credit card rates student credit cards apply credit card online how to apply credit card interest free credit card secured credit card best travel credit card capital one credit card online credit card application credit cards with no annual fee new credit card offers apply online credit card credit card apply online best rewards credit card city credit card how to get a credit card credit card counseling rebate credit card mastercard debit card credit card debt best credit cards to apply for best credit cards apply for credit card online credit card apply how to apply for a credit card apply for new credit card credit card rebate best credit card comparison apply for visa card online cim credit card good credit cards credit card cash back best cash back credit cards mastercard credit card application credit card checker credit card mastercard instant credit card card compare credit card rewards programs compare the best credit cards apply visa card cash rebate credit card bankruptcy credit cards card offers instant approval credit cards credit card online application credit cards for students how to sign up for credit card uk credit cards credit card account about credit card visa card apply online credit card compare site secured mastercard visa card application credit card rewards credit rating how can we get credit card visa credit card rewards card online credit card processing capital credit card credit card visa consolidate credit cards credit card processing credit card reviews apply new credit card business credit card application credit cards with cash back credit card reader credit card instant approval online apply credit card bad credit credit cards credit card selection online visa card pay with credit card credit card charges visa or mastercard credit card machine apply a credit card small business credit cards prepaid debit cards visa debit card mbna credit card credit card terminal card credit application credit card generator credit card balance credit card numbers credit card transfer credit card interest rates credit card interest gold card credit card online best rate credit cards credit card low interest visa card online online credit card how to apply a credit card 0 interest credit cards debit card

16 Macam-macam Aliran Seni Rupa dan Tokohnya

16 Macam-macam Aliran Seni Rupa dan Tokohnya - Dengan berkembangnya ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi di awal abad ke-19, banyak ditemukannya bermacam-macam produk zat warna dan berbagai alat-alat yang telah menyebabkan berkembangnya kreativitas para seniman. Beberapa tokoh seniman di Indonesia yang sangat terkenal, antara lain: Afandi Amrih Yahya, Basuki Abdulah, Raden Saleh, Edi Sunaryo, P. Nyoman Togog, G. Sidharta, Kartika Rasjoyo, dan lain-lain.

Proses pembuatan seni murni yang tidak memperhitungkan berbagai fungsinya, tetapi pengungkapan jiwa sebebas-bebasnya (sepuas-puasnya). Sehingga berkembang aliran-aliran seni, yaitu Naturalisme, Surealisme, Impresionisme, Kubisme, Realisme, Eksperesionisme, Dekoratif sampai dengan Abstrak.

#16 Aliran Seni Rupa dan Tokohnya


1. Aliran Naturalisme

Aliran Naturalisme

Sebagaimana namanya, yaitu natural. Aliran naturalisme adalah aliran yang melukiskan sesuatu yang nyata dan alami seperti tampak pada aslinya. Ciri-ciri lukisan naturalisme antara lain:

  1. Lukisan meniru alam dengan sedikit perubahan
  2. Mengutamakan bentuk dan kesamaan objek
  3. Warna, proporsi, dan bentuk sesuai dengan aslinya.


Sekumpulan pelukis aliran naturalis di Indonesia diawali adanya kelompok Moi Indie, antara lain Locatelli, Rudolf Bonnet, Abdullah Soerjo Soebroto, Basoeki Abdullah, Wakidi, Le Mayeur,  dan R.M. Pirngadie. Di Indonesia yang menganut corak ini adalah Raden Saleh, Abdullah Sudrio Subroto, Basuki Abdullah, Gambir Anom, dan Trubus.

2. Aliran Realisme

Aliran Realisme

Aliran seni rupa yang kedua adalah aliran Realisme. Aliran realisme ialah aliran yang berkonsep mengemukakan kenyataan atau sesuatu yang konkret dan bersifat objektif. Di mana segalanya digambarkan seperti apa yang tampak, tidak kurang dan tidak lebih.

Aliran ini muncul sebagai suatu protes terhadap adanya aliran yang melebihi kenyataan. Aliran ini sering menampilkan figur-figur dari rakyat biasa. Tidak jauh berbeda dengan aliran naturalisme, yaitu sama-sama menggambarkan objeknya sesuai keadaan yang apa adanya tanpa dibuat-buat, namun perbedaan dengan aliran realis adalah seniman realisme mengambil objek dari kehidupan sehari-hari mereka yang benar-benar real (asli) dan tanpa ilusi.

Maknanya bisa pula mengacu kepada usaha dalam seni rupa untuk memperlihatkan sebuah kebenaran, bahkan tanpa menyembunyikan hal yang buruk sekalipun. Perupa realis selalu berusaha menampilkan kehidupan sehari-hari dari karakter, suasana, dilema, dan objek tertentu. Tokoh-tokoh realisme ialah: Gustove Corbert, Fransisco de Goya, dan Honore Daumier.

3. Aliran Romantisme

Aliran Romantisme
Aliran Romantisme, yaitu ciri lukisan yang menggambarkan adegan dramatis serta kaya akan perpaduan warna dan kontras. Ciri-ciri lukisan dengna aliran romantisme adalah:

  1. Lebih banyak menampilkan tema-tema kehidupan dunia misteri, cerita romantis, penuh khayal, dan perasaan, petualangan, atau tentang kejadian-kejadian pada masa kuno atau tentang negeri-negeri Timur yang fantastis.
  2. Merupakan aliran tertua di dalam sejarah seni lukis modern Indonesia.
  3. Lukisan dengan aliran romantisme berusaha membangkitkan kenangan romantis dan keindahan di setiap objeknya.
  4. Melukiskan objek yang menyangkut perilaku kehidupan.
  5. Aliran romantisme ditandai oleh kontras cahaya yang tegas, kaya dengan warna, dan komposisi yang sangat hidup.
  6. Aliran romantisme senantiasa memilah dan memilih kejadian-kejadian dahsyat sebagai tema aliran ini lebih menekankan pada bagian emosional dan tingkah laku dan sifat manusia daripada sifat yang rasional, lebih mengutamakan kepercayaan dan intuisi, bukan kecerdasan.
  7. Tentang perjuangan, tragedi, cinta kasih. Pemandangan alam adalah objek yang sering diambil sebagai latar belakang lukisannya.

Tokoh aliran ini di Indonesia dipelopori oleh Raden Saleh.

4. Aliran Impresionisme

Aliran Impresionisme

Adalah suatu aliran seni lukis modern yang pertama kali. Impresionisme merombak teknik melukis tradisional kuas tidak lagi disapukan tetapi dicocok-cocokkan, sehingga membentuk bintik-bintik warna. Untuk mencapai efek lukisan digunakan serangkaian warna-warna primer yang dijajarkan sehingga memperoleh kesan warna campuran.

Ciri-ciri lukisan impresionisme antara lain:
  1. Mengutamakan kesan yang dihasilkan dari sudut pandang seniman 
  2. Warna yang dilukiskan sebagai kilasan sinar yang cemerlang
  3. Objeknya berasal dari alam sekitar dan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.

Di Indonesia penganut aliran ini yaitu Kusnadi, Solichin, dan Afandi.

5. Aliran Ekspresionisme

Aliran Ekspresionisme

Aliran ekspresionisme, yaitu ciri lukisan yang penggambaran bentuknya cenderung ke arah yang menyimpang dari wujud aslinya. Ekspresionisme adalah aliran yang mengutamakan curahan batin seseorang secara bebas. Bebas dalam menggali obyek yang timbul dari dunia batin, Imajinasi, dan perasaan.

Obyek-obyek di lukisan antara lain kengerian, kekerasan, kemiskinan, kesedihan dan keinginan lain dibalik tingkah laku manusia. Lukisan ini merupakan hasil ungkapan sebuah perasaan pelukisnya yang dibuat secara spontan. Ekspresionisme berpangkal pada perasaan subyektif. Kekuatan emosional pelukis dinyatakan dengan distorsi garis, bentuk, dan warna.

Aliran ekspresionisme banyak muncul di Jerman pada abad XX. Bapak ekspresionisme adalah Van Gogh. Tokohnya paling terkenal di Indonesia ialah Affandi, serta pelukis ekspresionisme yang lain seperti Rusli, dan Srihadi Sudarsono juga termasuk Zaini dan Popo Iskandar.

6. Aliran Abstrak

Aliran Abstrak

Aliran abstrak, yaitu ciri lukisan hasil ungkapan batin pelukisnya dengan bentuk penggambaran objek yang tidak dikenali lagi (hanya pelukisnya yang tahu). Abstrak sendiri adalah salah satu jenis kesenian kontemporer yang tidak menggambarkan obyek dalam dunia asli, para senimannya hanya menggunakan warna dan bentuk dalam cara non-representasional. Unsur yang dianggap mampu memberikan sensasi keberadaan objek diperkuat untuk menggantikan unsur bentuk yang dikurangi porsinya. Hasilnya berupa komposisi garis, bidang, warna, dan unsur-unsur lainnya.

Tokoh aliran Abstrak di Indonesia adalah: Nashar, Fajar Sidik, Ahmad Sadali, Amri Yahya, Handrio, Hans Hartung, Zaini, dan A. D. Pirous.

7. Aliran Klasikisme

Aliran Klasikisme

Aliran klasikisme yaitu ciri lukisan yang penggambaran bentuknya dibuat sedemikian rupa (dengan penggayaan) sehingga terkesan indah dan elok. Tokoh aliran ini adalah Kartono Yudhokusumo dan Amri Yahya.

8. Aliran Pointilisme

Aliran Pointilisme

Aliran pointilisme, yaitu ciri lukisan yang dibentuk dari kumpulan titik warna, dan jika dilihat dari jarak tertentu membentuk lukisan yang realistik, ekspresif, dan artistik. Pelukis aliran ini ialah Rijaman dan Keo Budi Harijanto.

9. Aliran Pop Art

Aliran Pop Art

Aliran pop Art mula-mula berkembang di Amerika pada tahun 1956, nama aslinya adalah Popular Images. Seni ini muncul karena kejenuhan dengan seni tanpa obyek dan mengingatkan kita akan keadaan sekeliling yang telah lama kita lupakan. Dalam mengambil obyek tidak memilih-milih, apa yang mereka jumpai dijadikan obyek. Bahkan bisa saja mereka mengambil sepasang sandal disandarkan diatas rongsokan meja kemudian diatur sedemikian rupa dan akhirnya dipamerkan.

Kesan umum dari karya-karya Pop art menampilkan suasana sindiran, karikatur, humor dan apa adanya. Di Indonesia yang menganut aliran ini adalah seniman-seniman yang memproklamirkan diri: Kaum Seni Rupa Baru Indonesia.

10. Aliran Optical Art

Aliran Optical Art

Aliran seni rupa Optical Art disebut juga Retinal Art yaitu corak seni lukis yang penggambarannya merupakan susunan geometris dengan pengulangan yang teratur rapi, bisa seperti papan catur. Karya ini menarik perhatian karena warnanya yang cemerlang dan seakan mengecohkan mata dengan ilusi ruang.

Tokoh corak ini salah satunya adalah AT Sitompul.

11. Aliran Trick Art

Aliran Trick Art

Aliran Trick Art merupakan seni lukis dua dimensi dengan menggunakan ilusi visual sehingga terlihat seperti nyata (tiga dimensi). Lukisan sejenis ini pertama dibuat pada 1984 oleh senima Jepang. Kazumane kenju dengan lukisan mural dinding. Lukisan itu akhirnya dapat dinikmati masyarakat luas dan pada 1991 di Museum Trick Art yang berdiri untuk pertama kalinya di dunia.

Pameran Trick Art sendiri di Indonesia pernah diselenggarakan di Grand Indonesia, West Mall lantai 5, yang berlangsung dari 2 Desember 2012 hingga 3 Februari 2013 baru-baru ini.

12. Aliran Surealisme

Aliran Surealisme

Aliran surealisme ialah aliran seni lukis yang menggambarkan sesuatu dari alam mimpi atau alam khayal (imajinasi). Di mana angan-angan dan alam khayal sangat mempengaruhi bentuk lukisan aliran ini. Pelopor Surealisme adalah Joan Miro, Salvador Dali dan Andre Masson. Di Indonesia adalah Sudibio, Sudiardjo, dan Amang Rahman.

Aliran ini cenderung melukiskan hal-hal yang khayal, intuitif atau seperti alam mimpi, sehingga bentuk yang diciptakan tampak aneh. Ciri-ciri lukisan surealisme antara lain;

  1. Tampak banyak unsur fantasi seperti alam mimpi
  2. Banyak mengungkapkan hal-hal yang aneh dan di luar sadar
  3. Ada kaitannya dengan hal-hal kejiwaan.


13. Aliran Kubisme

Aliran Kubisme

Aliran kubisme adalah aliran yang melukiskan sebuah objek lukis ke dalam bentuk geometri (bentuk-bentuk bidang). Pelopor Kubisme adalah Gezanne, Pablo Picasso, Metzinger, Braque, Albert, Glazes, Fernand Leger, Robert Dealunay, Francis Picabia, dan Juan Gris.

Aliran ini menangkap bentuk-bentuk objek alam seolah terdiri dari bidang-bidang geometris atau kubus-kubus yang tersusun baik yang berwujud besar atau kecil. Ciri-ciri lukisan kubisme antara lain;

  1. Memiliki motif persegi-persegi/kubis yang geometris
  2. Penggambaran alam dengan disederhanakan sehingga berkesan seperti bidang atau kubus-kubus
  3. Penciptaan bentuk kubis dihasilkan dari garis-garis atau warna yang bersilangan.


Tokoh pelukis beraliran kubisme antara lain: Pablo Picasso, Paul Cezane (1881-1972).

14. Aliran Klasik

Aliran Klasik

Sebutan kata klasik mengandung pengertian sifat dari suatu hal, keadaan atau kejadian pada masa lalu yang mengalami puncak kejayaan, keunggulan, kehebatan, atau kemasyhuran namun hingga sekarang sifat-sifat itu masih dirasakan atau diakui. Sifat yang demikian itu disebabkan hal, keadaan, atau kejadian yang memiliki nilai atau mutu yang tinggi dan diakui, menjadi tolak ukur kesempurnaan yang abadi.

Aliran ini berkembang pada awal abad ke-19, dan biasanya mengacu pada kebudayaan Yunani dan Romawi. Ciri-ciri seni lukis klasik antara lain:

  1. dibuat berlebihan
  2. indah dan molek, dan
  3. statis dan bersih


15. Aliran Dekoratif

Aliran Dekoratif

Aliran dekoratif adalah seni lukis dengan objek dari berbagai bentuk alam (manusia, bintang, tumbuh-tumbuhan, dan lain-lain) yang digubah secara berlebihan. Aliran ini berciri keindahan bentuk hiasan dalam lukisan. Aliran ini banyak berkembang di Bali.

16. Kaligrafi

Kaligrafi

Kaligrafi ialah objek gambar dengan bentuk susunannya dari huruf atau kata yang digabung-gabungkan sehingga membentuk sebuah gambar atau pola tertentu. Di Indonesia kaligrafi pertama kali ditemukan di Gresik, Jawa Timur, yaitu pada makam Fatimah binti Maimun yang wafat pada 495 H/1028 M dan berkembang pesat tahun 1980-an.

Pameran kaligrafi besar, seperti MTQ, Pameran Wajah Islami, dan Pameran Istiqlal, merupakan penanda kejayaan seni kaligrafi Islam ketika itu. Para seniman memakai gaya mereka masing-masing seperti simbolis dan abstrak. Menurut sejarah,kaligrafi Indonesia tidak lepas dari proses akulturasi dengan sejumlah budaya, seperti budaya loka, Persia, dan China. Karena itu, kaligrafi Indonesia tidak bisa dikatakan sama dengan kaligrafi dari daerah lain, karena sudah mempunyai identitas sendiri.

Salah satu tokoh kaligrafi di Indonesia adalah Sirojuddin AR.

Baca juga: Mengidentifikasi Jenis Karya Seni Murni Nusantara

Demikianlah artikel kali ini tentang 16 Macam-macam Aliran Seni Rupa dan Tokohnya. Semoga bermanfaat bagi Anda. Sekian dan terimakasih.

Sumber: LKS Seni Budaya dan Keterampilan Kelas IX

BERITA LENGKAP DI HALAMAN BERIKUTNYA

Halaman Berikutnya

Subscribe to receive free email updates:

0 Response to "16 Macam-macam Aliran Seni Rupa dan Tokohnya"

Posting Komentar

close
==[ Klik disini 1X ] [ Close ]==